Scoliosis is a condition where the spine bends sideways and twists abnormally.
Most people with a mild case of scoliosis may never realise they have the condition and it can often go undetected. It is after the curving worsens and symptoms start to appear that people consider visiting the doctor or therapist.
Scoliosis can be categorised by cause into two:
Majority of symptoms are experienced mostly by those with moderate or severe scoliosis. These include:
Curving of the spine
Reduced movement of the spine
Scoliosis is usually first detected by a GP or pediatrician during a routine checkup, or perhaps a parent or teacher notices and raises concerns. Initially, a doctor will screen and rule-out other conditions before requesting an x-ray to confirm abnormal curvature and spinal rotation.
A back brace is usually worn, during childhood or adolescence, throughout the day and night to provide support for the spine until the body matures.
Other treatments include surgery.
Since in many cases the cause is unknown, it is difficult to determine how to prevent scoliosis. However, steps can be taken to slow or even stop the condition from worsening. Early detection and treatment mean other symptoms can be avoided.
The video below can help you better understand the condition:
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